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College of Arts and Sciences

DEAN: Frank E. Scully, Jr., Ph.D., OFFICE: 202 Bobet Hall
ASSOCIATE DEAN: Laurie M. Joyner, Ph.D.


The college, founded in 1912, is approved for teacher education by the Louisiana State Board of Education.It holds membership in the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education, American Council on Education, Association of American Colleges, Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities, National Catholic Educational Association, and the National Educational Association.


The college offers the bachelor of arts degree in the fields of classical studies, communications, drama, drama/communications, economics, English (with concentrations in literature or writing), history, modern foreign languages (French, German, Russian, Spanish), philosophy, political science, psychology, religious studies, sociology, theatre arts with a minor in business administration, visual arts, and graphic arts; the bachelor of science degree in the fields of biological sciences, chemistry, computer information systems, computer science, elementary education, mathematics, and physics; and the bachelor of fine arts in visual arts.Students who wish to earn a bachelor’s degree through programs not regularly available in the College of Arts and Sciences may consult the associate dean about the possibility of a contract degree.The college also offers programs in pre-medicine, pre-dentistry, pre-veterinary, and pre-engineering.Through a special arrangement with the School of Engineering of Tulane University, Loyola students may participate in a program which leads to a B.S. degree from Loyola and an engineering degree from Tulane upon successful completion of both segments of the program. Interested students must consult the associate dean.


The requirements for the bachelor of arts, bachelor of science, and the bachelor of fine arts are the following:

  1. Successful completion of an approved degree program within the college.
  2. At least a 2.0 Loyola cumulative average, major average, and minor average if minor is pursued. (Some departments may have more stringent requirements.)
  3. Completion of the Common Curriculum requirements.
  4. Completion of the foreign language requirement (except elementary education majors).
  5. Completion of at least one course that meets the college’s Cultural/Environmental/Gender/Ethnic studies requirement.
  6. Completion of all course requirements specified by major department.
  7. Completion of at least 30 hours in the major. (Some departments require more.)
  8. Certification for graduation by the student’s department.
  9. Completion of a comprehensive examination in the major for those departments requiring a comprehensive examination. Such departments will establish and publish in advance the nature of the comprehensive examination and the standard for acceptable performance.
  10. Completion of the last 30 hours of coursework at Loyola.
  11. Residency requirements: a minimum of 30 hours at Loyola University; a minimum of 15 hours in the major and 9 hours in the minor (if pursued); a minimum of 12 hours in the Common Curriculum.

CURRICULUM DESIGNThe curriculum is meant to achieve two goals: to give the student a solid and well-rounded preparation in the major and to enable the student to grapple with current convictions, beliefs, and commitments in an atmosphere of study and reflection. The curriculum matches the goals of Catholic and of Jesuit liberalizing education, both of which function best in an open society, a pluralistic culture, and an ecumenical age. The curriculum is divided into five parts.

Part One–MajorMajor: that series of courses which leads to a bachelor’s degree in a subject area. The major generally requires between 30 and 40 credit hours of study and is described under each departmental heading.

Part Two–Adjunct CoursesAdjunct Courses: that series of courses in areas allied to the major which leads to a well-rounded person. Thus, mathematics is necessary to a physicist and chemistry to the biologist. Some of these courses are specifically named under degree programs; others are selected in consultation with the student’s adviser or chairperson.

Part Three–Common CurriculumCommon Curriculum: The Common Curriculum complements the major and adjunct courses by providing a broad humanistic dimension to every undergraduate’s program. The program contains introductory and advanced courses.

INTRODUCTORY COURSES (T122 — T129)Beginning students must take each of the following eight courses (24 cr. hrs.):

English Composition T122 Critical Reading/Writing
English T125 The Emerging Self
History T122 and T124 World Civilization I and World Civilization II
Mathematics T122* Math Models
Philosophy T122 Introduction to Philosophy
Religious Studies T122 Introduction to World Religions
Science T122 (Biology, Chemistry, or Physics)

* A different mathematics course may be designated by the student’s department.

ADVANCED COURSES (U — Z 130 — 199)Students elect eight courses (24 cr. hrs.) with two each in philosophy and religious studies, one in behavior/social sciences, one in humanities/arts, excluding philosophy and religious studies, one in natural science, and one more from any of the above areas. Two of the advanced courses must be labeled pre-modern. A student may not take a Common Curriculum course for Common Curriculum credit from his or her major department.A student wishing to check his or her progress against Common Curriculum requirements should check with the academic adviser of record or with the associate dean, College of Arts and Sciences.Only courses designated as Common Curriculum in registration materials fulfill requirements of the program.The advanced courses are under three major divisions: behavioral/social sciences, humanities/arts, and natural sciences. Courses are either modern or pre-modern within these divisions. The three divisions are as follows:

Behavioral/Social Sciences  
Communications Political Science
Economics Psychology
Education Sociology
Drama Philosophy
Classical Studies Religious Studies
English Visual Arts
Modern Foreign Languages Music
Natural Sciences  
Biology Mathematics/Computer Science
Chemistry Physics

The advanced courses offered each semester are selected from the courses listed below and additional new courses as they are approved. Course descriptions are found in listings under subject categories.BEHAVIORAL/SOCIAL SCIENCES

Pre-modern Courses
HIST W130 Zen I
HIST W139 Catholics: Their History
HIST W140 Between Eve and Mary: Women in Medieval Europe
HIST W142 Slavery/Race Relations
HIST W151 Archaeology and Society
HIST W152 Social History of Greece and Rome
HIST W166 The Quest for Empire
HIST W186 Discovering Africa
POLS W149 Ancient and Medieval Political Thought
SOCI W140 Development of Social Thought

Modern Courses

CMMN X133 Art of the Film
CMMN X136 Understanding Media
CMMN X137 Media Play
CMMN X170 The American Character
ECON X130 Economics and Society
EDUC X130 Culture and Learning
HIST X132 Russian Culture and Civilization I
HIST X136 Zen II
HIST X140 Italian Culture and Civilization
HIST X141 Drugs, Terrorism, and Democracy
HIST X143 Social Revolutions in Latin America
HIST X144 Discovering the Third World
HIST X145 Crisis in Central America
HIST X146 American Revolution
HIST X154 Palestinians and Israelis
HIST X156 Hero in American History
HIST X160 WWI in History and Literature
HIST X161 Autobiography as History
HIST X164 American Left in the Twentieth Century
HIST X170 The American Character
HIST X180 African-American Culture and History
HIST X190 Women in American History
POLS X134 Politics and Corruption
POLS X146 Politics and Society
POLS X152 The Bill of Rights
POLS X154 American Political Ideas
POLS X156 The Urban Form
POLS X158 Global Political Issues
POLS X159 Politics and the Media
PSYC X130 Models of Human Behavior
SOCI X132 Social Problems
SOCI X134 Social Policy and the Christian
SOCI X135 Environment and Society
SOCI X136 Global Environmental Crisis
SOCI X140 Global Sociology
SOCI X145 Peoples of Latin America
SOCI X150 Encountering the Caribbean
SOCI X152 Violence in Society
SOCI X154 Peoples of Sub-Saharan Africa
SOCI X155 Race and Ethnic Conflict
SOCI X186 Russian Culture and Society

HUMANITIES/ARTSPre-modern Courses

CLHU U132 Socrates and Jesus
CLHU U138 Justice in Greek Literature
CLHU U142 The Development of Greek Tragedy
CLHU U144 The Greek and Roman Epics
CLHU U146 Greek Mythology
CLHU U148 Greek Art and Archaeology
CLHU U150 Roman Art and Archaeology
CLHU U156 Greek Elegies and Lyrics
CLHU U157 Greek Culture
CLHU U158 Roman Culture
CLHU U160 Pandora’s Daughters
CLHU U163 Greek and Roman Comedy
CLHU U165 Pagans and Christians
CLHU U168 Roman Republic
CLHU U170 The Later Roman Empire
CLHU U172 The Early Roman Empire
CLHU U174 The Byzantine Empire
CLHU U175 The Ancient Novel
CLHU U180 Ancient Mystery Cults
DRAM U130 World Theatre I
ENGL U130 Renaissance Masterworks
ENGL U132 Visions of Utopia
ENGL U149 The Idea of the Self
ENGL U188 The World of the Vikings
ENGL U189 Chaucer and His World
ENGL U195 The Legend of Robin Hood
ENGL U199 Arthurian Legend
JPNS U150 Culture in Pre-modern Japan
MUGN U168 Introduction to Western Art Music
PHIL U130 Aesthetics
PHIL U137 Indian Philosophy
PHIL U138 Philosophy and Literature
PHIL U139 Divine Madness
PHIL U154 Postmodernism and Feminism
PHIL U158 Philosophical Anthropology
PHIL U160 Worldviews and Ethics
PHIL U162 Classics in Moral Literature
RELS U133 Zen I
RELS U134 Christian Mysticism
RELS U136 Parables of Jesus
RELS U139 Experience of Grace
RELS U143 Woman in Christian Tradition
RELS U145 Bible and Modern Issues
RELS U146 Judaism
RELS U147 New Testament as Literature
RELS U148 Christian Origins
RELS U149 Old Testament as Literature
RELS U153 Hindu Paths to God
RELS U155 The Prophetic Traditions
RELS U159 Jesus in New Testament
RELS U163 The Ancient Mind
RELS U165 Spiritual Ways of China
RELS U169 Death: Comparative Views
RELS U170 Poets and Sages: Old Testament
RELS U175 The Bible and Creation
RELS U177 Buddhism
RELS U181 Women in the World Religions
RELS U185 Heresies and Heretics
RELS U186 Medieval Synthesis
RELS U188 Sin: History of an Idea
RELS U196 Law: Ancient World
RELS U199 Apocalyptic Literature
VISA U130 Medieval Art
VISA U136 Images of Women in Arts
VISA U143 The Art and History of the Book

Modern Courses

DRAM V132 World Theatre II
DRAM V142 Black Theatre to 1940
DRAM V143 Black Theatre: 1940 — Present
DRAM V144 American Myth and Drama
DRAM V150 American Lyrical Theatre
DRAM V160 Theatre in Contemporary Culture
ENGL V134 Literature and Justice
ENGL V144 Screen Power
ENGL V150 Myth and Literature
ENGL V154 Women in American Literature
ENGL V159 Romantic Words/Pictures
ENGL V169 Multicultural Literature
ENGL V170 The American Character
ENGL V173 The African Novel
ENGL V174 Women’s Literature
ENGL V175 Black Women Novelists
ENGL V176 Literary Modernism
ENGL V177 Harlem Renaissance
ENGL V178 Black Thought and Art
ENGL V179 Feminist Readings
ENGL V180 Science Fiction and Fantasy Literature
ENGL V185 Contemporary Catholic Writers
ENGL V192 The Sixties Through Literature
FREN V140 France and the Modern Experience
JPNS V151 Culture in Early Modern Japan
JPNS V152 Modern Japanese Culture
JPNS V153 Japanese Animation and Culture
LING V134 Role of Language
PHIL V134 Medical Ethics
PHIL V135 Philosophy of Right
PHIL V140 European World Views
PHIL V141 Philosophical Perspective on Woman
PHIL V143 Environmental Philosophy
PHIL V144 Philosophy of Law
PHIL V150 Relativism
PHIL V152 Making Moral Decisions
PHIL V164 Scientific Revolutions
PHIL V170 Philosophy of Knowledge
PHIL V173 Auschwitz and After
PHIL V177 Minds and Machines
PHIL V178 Philosophy of God
PHIL V180 Freedom and Oppression
PHIL V186 Religious Experience and Philosophy
PHIL V198 Ethics of Sex/Marriage
RELS V130 Faith, Science, and Religion
RELS V142 Christian Ethics
RELS V144 Social Policy and the Christian
RELS V151 Protestant Christianity
RELS V152 Catholicism
RELS V158 Ignatius Loyola
RELS V160 Discovering Islam
RELS V164 20th-century Religious Thought
RELS V167 Native American Religions
RELS V168 Mystery of Suffering
RELS V187 Feminism and Theology
RELS V191 The Mass of the Roman Rite
RELS V198 Psychology and Religion
SPAN V135 Women Writers of Spanish America
SPAN V161 Latin American Thought
VISA V138 Romantic Vision
VISA V140 Modernism in Art and Literature
VISA V141 Art in Contemporary Culture
VISA V142 Architecture and Society
MUGN V142 History of Dance
MUGN V172 Jazz in American Culture


BIOL Z130 Human Ecology
BIOL Z132 Impact of Biology on Society
BIOL Z136 Evolution
BIOL Z138 Genetics and Society
BIOL Z142 Microbes: Friend or Foe?
BIOL Z144 Mississippi River Delta Ecology
CHEM Z130 World Food and Nutrition
COSC Z132 The Computer Impact
MATH Z132 Problem Solving in Ecology
PHYS Z130 Faith, Science, and Religion
PHYS Z134 Astronomy

Part Four–Foreign LanguageAll students who enter B.A., B.S., or B.F.A. degree programs (either as freshmen or as transfers) will be required to pass a second-semester course in a foreign language or demonstrate equivalent knowledge by placing into a higher level on a departmental examination. See full explanation under Foreign Language Requirements elsewhere in this bulletin.Part Five–General ElectivesElectives: It is important that the student have considerable freedom to choose those courses or series of courses which interest him or her, for whatever reason, so that the student’s education may be rich and full. The number of hours a student may elect depends to a large extent on the major. See statements below for limitations on elective credit.


Transfer work:

  1. Remedial work taken at Loyola or at other institutions will not apply to Arts and Sciences degree programs.

  2. The dean’s office will determine the applicability of the student’s transfer credit as accepted by the Office of Admissions to the Arts and Sciences degree programs.


  1. Students may not go back and do freshman-level work in a subject in which they have already successfully completed a more advanced course.

  2. No more than 20 hours may be taken in any one semester without the authorization of the dean. No more than six hours may be taken in any one summer term without authorization of the dean.

  3. Arts and Sciences students must obtain prior written permission of their adviser and/or department chair and the dean in order to take courses at another university (summer school, study abroad, etc.). Permission will not be given to students on academic probation.

  4. City College Intensive Weekend courses are not open to Arts and Sciences degree-seeking students.

  5. With the exception of education students, courses in physical education will not apply to the degree programs in Arts and Sciences.


Qualified students who have completed two full semesters of their freshman year and have earned a minimum GPA of 3.0 may pursue two majors within the College of Arts and Sciences. Such students must successfully complete the Common Curriculum requirements of the first major as well as the major and named adjunct requirements for both declared degree programs of study as set forth in the Undergraduate Bulletin.Students must successfully complete the comprehensive examination requirements for both majors if the departments require a comprehensive examination.Students who complete the requirements for two majors will receive only one degree from Loyola. However, the transcript will indicate which bachelor’s degree (B.A., B.F.A., or B.S.) was awarded as well as the two majors which were completed.Students interested in pursuing a double major should consult with the associate dean.


All departments in the College of Arts and Sciences offer minors, which range from 21 — 24 hours. Additional minors are available in Africana studies, African-American history, American studies, Catholic studies, environmental studies, film studies, Latin American studies, medieval studies, and women’s studies. Information concerning specific requirements for minors is available in the departments and in the Arts and Sciences dean’s office. If the requirements for the minor are not completed by graduation, the minor will not be indicated on the transcript. A minimum 2.0 GPA is required in the minor. Students in the Department of Communications must complete a minor as part of their degree requirements. Except in the departments of modern foreign languages and mathematics/computer science, a student may not major and minor within the same department. Listed below are the requirements for each minor offered in the College of Arts and Sciences:

  • Africana Studies, 21 hrs.
    History choose one (HIST X172, X180, W142, W186, A276, A277, A349, A350, A440, A442); Humanities choose one (ENGL V173, V177, V178, A250, A450); Social Sciences choose one (EDUC X130, A315; POLS A221; SOCI X154, X155, A220); Electives choose four from above listing.

  • African-American History, 21 hrs.
    HIST T122 or T124, U.S. Hist (6 hrs.), HIST W186 or A350, African-American Hist. (9 hrs.)

  • American Studies, 21 hrs.
    ENGL A342, HIST A200; Group I, choose one (CMMN X170, ENGL V170, HIST X170, PHIL A430); Group II, choose one (POLS X154, A211, A212, A213, A215, SOCI X132, X152, X155, A220; HIST A201, A334); Group III, choose one (DRAM V142, V143, RELS V167); Group IV, choose two (consult minor adviser for selection).

  • Biology, 22 hrs.
    BIOL A106, A108 — A109, A206 — A207, or A208, BIOL electives (6 hrs.)

  • Business Administration (through College of Business Administration), 24 hrs.
    MATH T122 or A115; BA B100; ACCT B202; FIN B200; ECON B200, B201, or X130; LGST B205; MKT B280; MGT B345

  • Catholic Studies, 21 hrs.
    RELS V152, U147, electives (15 hrs.) should be chosen in consultation with Catholic studies adviser.

  • Chemistry, 22 hrs.
    CHEM A105 — A107, A106 — A108, A300, A301, A305, CHEM A300 — A400 electives (6 hrs.)

  • Classical Studies, 24 hrs.
    Latin or Greek (12 hrs.), Civilization courses (12 hrs.). For more specific information, consult minor adviser.

  • Communications, 18 hrs.
    CMMN A100, A101, CMMN electives (12 hrs.)

  • Computer Information Systems, 21 hrs.
    COSC A106, A111, A114, A211, A212, A216, A270 or 280; MATH A204

  • Computer Science, 21 hrs.
    COSC A106, A111, A114, A211, A212, A216, choose one (A270, A280, A361, A363, A365); MATH A204

  • Criminal Justice, 21 hrs.
    CRJU C105; CRJU C110 (or SOCI A215); CRJU C250 (or SOCI A315); CRJU C300; SOCI C275; plus any two additional criminal justice (CRJU) courses.

  • Drama, 21 hrs.
    DRAM A103, A220, A300 (3 hrs.); choose two (DRAM A107, A110, A112); DRAM electives (6 hrs.)

  • Economics (through College of Business Administration), 21 hrs.
    College math, ECON B200, B201, B305, ECON B300 — B400 electives (9 hrs.)

  • Education, Secondary, 22 hrs.
    EDUC A100, EDSE A215, EDUC A305, EDSE A200, EDSE A300, EDSE A305, EDUC A300, EDSE A496

  • English (Literature), 18 hrs.
    ENGL T125, ENGL Literature Electives (15 hrs.)

  • English (Writing), 18 hrs.
    ENGL T122 or A205, ENGL Writing Elective (15 hrs.)

  • Environmental Studies, 21 hrs.
    MATH/NAT SCI (6 hrs.); BUSN/SOC SCI (6 hrs.); humanities (6 hrs.); Internship/Practicum (3 hrs.). See Environmental Studies chair or Arts and Sciences dean’s office for specific courses.

  • Film Studies, 21 hrs.
    Choose 21 hrs. from: CMMN A329, A441, A442, A443, A444, A445, and ENGL V144, A313, A370, A372, A413, A470, A472

  • Forensic Chemistry, 21 hrs.
    CHEM A105 — A107, CHEM A106 — A108, A300, A301, A305, A315, A497

  • Forensic Science, 21 hrs.
    FRSC C100; FRSC C200; FRSC C201; FRSC C301; FRSC C499; plus any two additional forensic science (FRSC) courses.

  • Graphic Arts, 21 hrs.
    VISA A102, A200, A271, A275, A375, A376

  • History, 21 hrs.
    HIST T122, HIST T124, Hist electives (15 hrs.)

  • Latin American Studies, 18 hrs.
    SPAN A200, A201, A300 or A301; choose one (SPAN A350 or HIST A220); choose two from: HIST A221 or SPAN A351; HIST W142, X143, X145, A414, SOCI A260, A400, X145; SPAN A340, A341, A410, A455, A456; RELS A305

  • Marketing (through College of Business Administration), 24 hrs.
    MATH T122 or A115; BA B100; ECON B200, B201, or X130; MKT B280; MKT electives (12 hrs.)

  • Mathematics, 20 hrs.
    MATH A200, A257, A258; A259 or A310; MATH A300 — A400 electives (6 hrs.)

  • Medieval Studies, 18 hrs.
    Required courses are: ENGL A316, HIST A306, and a "medieval thought" component consisting of one of the following courses: PHIL A405, RELS A201, RELS U186, or other PHIL or RELS approved by the medieval studies adviser. The remaining 9 credit hours should come from the following core courses (CLHU U165, CLHU U174, ENGL A260, ENGL A340, ENGL A341, ENGL A475, ENGL U188, ENGL U189, ENGL U195, ENGL U199, HIST A307, HIST W140, HIST A381, LATN A435, MUGN U194, POLS W149, RELS A200, RELS U134) or from these supporting courses with the permission of the medieval studies adviser (CLHU U146, ENGL H233, LATN A430, POLS A230, RELS U185, SPAN A310).

  • Modern Foreign Languages (French, German, Spanish), 24 hrs.
    FL A100, A101, A200, A201, A300 or A400 level (12 hrs.)Consult minor adviser if placement is above A100 level.

  • Music (through College of Music), 24 hrs.
    MUTH M102, M103; MUHL M106; MUPR M121 — M150 (2 hrs.); MUPC M115 or M130 ( 2 hrs.); MUEN M100 — M106 (2 hrs.)

  • Philosophy, 21 hrs.
    PHIL T122, Systematic sequence (6 hrs.), Historical sequence (6 hrs.), Philosophy electives (6 hrs.). See department chair for selection of courses.

  • Philosophy (Pre-law), 21 hrs.
    PHIL T122, Systematic Sequence (9 hrs.), Historical Sequence (3 hrs.), Legal Context (3 hrs.), Philosophy Elective (3 hrs.)

  • Physics, 30 hrs.
    PHYS A110, A111, A112, A113, A228, A230, A410, MATH A200, A257, A258.

  • Political Science, 21 hrs.
    POLS A100, A200, A230 or A231, A315, POLS electives (9 hrs.)

  • Pre-M.B.A. (through College of Business Administration), 36 hrs.
    DECS B202, B203; ACCT B202, B203; ECON B200, B201; FIN B300; MGT B325, B310, B345, B335; MKT B280.

  • Psychology, 21 hrs.
    PSYC A100, A301, A303, Psyc electives (12 hrs.)

  • Religious Studies (Christianity), 21 hrs.
    RELS T122, U147, U149, V142; choose two (A200, A201, A202), RELS electives (3 hrs.)

  • Religious Studies (World Religions), 21 hrs.
    RELS T122; choose one (A200, A201, A202), RELS electives (15 hrs.)

  • Sociology, 22 hrs.
    SOCI A100, A335, W140, Soci electives (12 hrs.)

  • Visual Arts, 21 hrs.
    VISA A102, A103, A200, A300, choose one (A230, A241, A244, A246, A250, A320).

  • Women’s Studies, 21 hrs.
    WS A100, WS A496, and five approved courses from at least three of the following disciplines: classical studies, communications, English, history, philosophy, psychology, religious studies, sociology, visual arts, and women’s studies. Courses must be chosen with minor adviser from an approved list of courses. Susanne B. Dietzel, Ph.D., adjunct assistant professor of women’s studies in the College of Arts and Sciences and City College is the adviser for the Women’s Studies minor. For a complete listing of the courses call (504) 864-7880, e-mail, visit the Women’s Resource Center in Mercy, Room 103, or view the website

Where specific courses are not named, please consult the chair of the minor department. Arts and Sciences students interested in pursuing a minor in business administration or music should refer to the business administration or music sections of this bulletin.

Updated July 12, 2005